University of North Dakota Faculty/Staff Newsletter

“The Politics and Promise of Near-Earth Asteroids” is April 8

The Spring 2013 Space The Spring Space Studies Colloquium Series will focus on the general theme "Near-Earth Asteroid Mining" and will feature several leading experts in the field.

The next presentation in this series will feature Mark V. Sykes, Ph.D., J.D., CEO and Director, Planetary Science Institute.  He will present "The Politics and Promise of Near-Earth Asteroids at 4 p.m. Monday, April 8, in 111 Ryan Hall.

Near-Earth objects are viewed primarily as hazards. One is noted for possibly killing the dinosaurs. This February, another much smaller object exploded over the Siberian city of Chelyabinsk in Russia, injuring more than 1,500 people. The perceived threat drove Congress in 1998 to direct NASA to find 90 percent of asteroids having diameters exceeding 1 km. Recognizing the potential damage from another Siberian airburst over Tunguska in 1908, Congress modified their mandate in 2005 to include objects down to 140 meters in diameter.

However, asteroids represent more than just threats, they represent the potential to expand human presence and economy beyond Earth. The Obama administration has committed to sending a crewed mission to a near-Earth asteroid by 2025 and it is planning to propose that Congress allocate $100 million in 2014 to begin planning for a mission to return a 5 meter object to Earth orbit. A non-profit company says it will raise hundreds of millions in donations to survey NEOs to reduce the hazard threat. Private companies have started up with the goal of mining asteroids and turning a profit. Is this the dawn of a new space age? Or business as usual?

Mark V. Sykes is CEO and Director of the Planetary Science Institute, a non-profit corporation dedicated to the exploration of the solar system for more than 40 years. Mark began his science career as an undergraduate at the University of Oregon, studying photometric and polarimetric lightcurves of eclipsing stellar binaries - particularly the first black-hole system, Cygnus X-1. As a graduate student at the University of Oregon, he discovered cometary dust trails using data from the Infrared Astronomical Satellite and engaged in ground-based studies of asteroids in the thermal infrared. He is a Co-Investigator on the NASA Daw mission to Vesta and Ceres in the asteroid belt. Sykes chairs the NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group, which provides science input for the planning and prioritization of the exploration of asteroids and comets. He is also a member of the Board of Advisors of Planetary Resources, Inc., a for-profit corporation planning to mine asteroids. He is also involved with PSI's Atsa Suborbital Observatory, and plans to travel into space to make telescopic observations using the XCOR Lynx as a platform.

Those unable to attend in person may view the live webcast via Connect-Pro: http://connect.aero.und.edu/colloquium/  Sign in as a guest or use your Connect-Pro log-in.

A live webcast is also available at http://realmedia.aero.und.edu/liveclass.html